Being the smallest one of the octet, the violino piccolo is tuned one octave above the violin. Do not be mistaken by its size however, this is not a child’s instrument. On the contrary, it takes a skilful player to let it sing its wonderful, bright, high tones.
The main problem with the violino piccolo has been to get the frequencies of body and cavity resonances high enough and still keep the mensure long enough for a player to finger consecutive semitones without having to slide his fingers around.
At one point we thought we might have to resort to a three-stringed instrument in this range as was indicated by Michael Praetorius in 1619.
A string material of requisite tensile strength to reach the high E at 1320 Hz was finally found in carbon rocket wire.